Maryland Fish Facts

Striped Burrfish
Striped Burrfish


Striped Burrfish
Chilomycterus schoepfii

Key Distinguishing Markings:
  • body is yellow to brown above and white to yellow below (although sometimes black) with numerous black or dusky-brown stripes and several large black ocelli;
  • numerous short, thick spines cover the head and body;
  • jaws and teeth modified into short beak; and
  • iridescent blue-green pupils.​

Distribution:
  • Occurring from New England to Brazil (including the Gulf of Mexico), the striped burrfish is found throughout Maryland's Coastal Bays and in the Chesapeake Bay from the mouth north to about the Patuxent River.​

Size:

Habitat:
  • Adults are most often found in seagrass beds.
  • They live in brackish to marine environments and within water temperature range of 54 - 100oF and are unable to survive in water cooler than about 43oF.​

Spawning:
  • They are believed to spawn offshore but uncertainty exists as to the time.​

Fishing Tips:
  • It is unlikely that you will ever catch a striped burrfish on hook and line, but if you do please handle them with gloves. The spines are sharp and the powerful jaws and beak can surely produce a painful bite.
  • They are generally too small to provide any value as a food source and DNR cautions against consuming them.

burrfish


Fun Fact:
  • Striped burrfish move by jetting water from the restricted gill openings.
  • The striped burrfish has a defense system in the form of an organ known as a buccal pump which allows it to inflate its body considerably when threatened.
  • Inflation in the striped burrfish is not as extreme as that of the northern puffer (Sphoeroides maculatus) but when combined with the presence of its sharp spines it no doubt is more effective in deterring a would-be predator.

Kingdom: Animalia - animals

Phylum: Chordata - chordates

Subphylum: Vertebrata - vertebrates

Superclass: Osteichthyes – bony fishes

Subclass: Neopterygii – neopterygians

Infraclass: Teleostei

Superorder: Acanthopterygii

Suborder: Tetraodontoidei – puffers, porcupinefishes

Genus: Chilomycterus Brisout de Barneville, 1846 – burrfishes, spiny boxfishes

Species: Chilomycterus schoepfii (Walbaum, 1792) – striped burrfish​


Family: Diodontidae - burrfishes
Order: Tetraodontiformes – puffers, filefishes, triggerfishes
Class: Actinopterygii - ray-finned fishes

For more information on striped burrfish and their management, please contact Angel Willey.